Common Pet Vaccinations: What Every Pet Owner Should Know

Hello again, pet parents! Today, we’re delving into an essential topic that every pet owner should be aware of—pet vaccinations. Like human vaccinations, these immunizations play a critical role in preventing disease and ensuring your furry family members live long, healthy lives.  However it today’s era, there is a great deal of suspicion and confusion around the topic of vaccines, so we decided to demystify this for you.  As always, don’t hesitate to contact us if you have questions about your pet’s health or vaccination schedule.

What Are Pet Vaccinations?

Pet vaccinations are essentially biological preparations that stimulate an immune response in pets, similar to how vaccinations work in humans. They contain antigens that resemble disease-causing organisms but are essentially harmless. When your pet is vaccinated, their immune system is trained to recognize and combat these antigens, thereby providing a level of immunity against the corresponding diseases.

Why Vaccinate Your Pet?

Pets, like humans, can fall prey to numerous infectious diseases—some potentially fatal. Vaccinating your pet offers them protection and reduces the severity of these diseases, should they ever come into contact with them. Vaccines also curb the spread of infectious diseases in pet communities. Not only do you protect your pet when you vaccinate them, but you also contribute to the overall health of pets in your community.

Common Pet Vaccinations

For Dogs:

  • Rabies Vaccine: Rabies is a fatal disease for both pets and humans, making this vaccination a must. Most states, including Ohio, require by law that dogs are vaccinated against rabies.
  • Distemper, Parvovirus, and Adenovirus (DAPP): These vaccines protect against various severe diseases, such as Canine Distemper, Parvovirus, and Infectious Hepatitis (Adenovirus).
  • Leptospirosis Vaccine: This vaccine protects dogs against a bacteria spread through the urine of infected animals and can be contracted by humans as well.
  • Bordetella Vaccine (Kennel Cough): Recommended for dogs that frequent boarding facilities, dog parks, or any place where dogs congregate, this vaccine helps prevent kennel cough—a highly contagious respiratory disease.

For Cats:

  • Rabies Vaccine: Just like in dogs, the rabies vaccination is crucial and often legally required for cats.
  • Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and Panleukopenia (FVRCP): This combo vaccine protects against three diseases: Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and Panleukopenia (also known as feline distemper).
  • Feline Leukemia (FeLV) Vaccine: Vaccination against this highly contagious and often fatal disease should be performed in all kittens/young cats. After the initial series, it should be continued based on risk assessment, but is recommended annually for all cats that go outdoors regularly, have contact with stray cats or live with FeLV-infected cats.

When Should My Pet Be Vaccinated?

Puppies and kittens should begin their vaccination schedule at around six to eight weeks of age, followed by booster shots every three to four weeks until they’re about 16 weeks old. After that, they’ll need additional booster shots and regular vaccinations throughout their adult lives. Keep in mind that the exact vaccination schedule can vary depending on your pet’s breed, age, health status, and lifestyle. Always consult with your vet for personalized advice.

Side Effects of Vaccinations

Most pets handle vaccinations well with only minor side effects, if any. Mild fever, decreased appetite, lethargy, or slight swelling at the vaccination site are common reactions. If you notice any severe reactions such as persistent vomiting, difficulty breathing, or collapse, contact your vet immediately.

At Faithful Friends Veterinary Clinic, we believe in making informed decisions about your pet’s health. We’re always here to provide the necessary guidance, so don’t hesitate to ask us any questions you may have about pet vaccinations. Remember, keeping up with your pet’s vaccinations is one of the best ways to ensure they live a long, healthy, and happy life!

Stay safe, and give your pet an extra cuddle from all of us at Faithful Friends!